Variable timestep size for coupled dynamic mesh problem
Coupled dynamic mesh problem adjusts the motion of the moving body/surfaces based on the computed aerodynamic load and applied external forces at each timestep. Thus, to specify an optimum timestep size that will apply generally for the duration of the coupled motion is difficult since the aerodynamci load is not known apriori. Continual and manual adjustment of the timestep size is required to avoid using an excessively conservative value of timestep size which will increase the running time. How to define an automated adjustment of timestep size for dynamic mesh application ? A process to do automated and calculated update of the timestep size is given below. The idea is to allow the body/surface to translate a certain translational distance that is specified by the user. User will need to specify the followings:  The average cell height (h_avg) of the mesh elements through which the body is expected to pass through  The number of steps for one cell passing (Nstep)  Maximum allowable timestep size (dt_max) The process will then:  Compute the maximum allowable translational distance at each timestep h_max = h_avg/Nstep  Knowing the current translational velocity (V_n), compute the next velocity and timestep size based on a quadratic equation obtained from solving the following two relations: (1) h_max = V_n+1 * dt (2) (force/body_mass) = ( V_n+1  V_n )/dt The above two relations represent two equations in two unknowns (dt and V_n+1).  If the calculated dt is bigger than the maximum allowed by user (dt_max), then clipped the timestep size an use (2) to compute V_n+1. A 2D sample problem which uses the above process is provided. It is a 2D coupled ball diverter case. How to run the sample problem ?  Go inside the Presentation directory and study the presentation  Study the valvemotion.c  Start 2D version of Fluent  Compile valvemotion.c to get updated library  Read the case/data files (startt=0.cas.gz and startt=0.dat.gz)  Iterate for 100 or so timesteps and observe from the cortex output on how the timestep size is changing The files for this sample problem can be downloaded from: <a target=_blank href="http://www.fluentusers.com/support/solutions/1018/vartimedynmesh.zip">http://www.fluentusers.com/support/solutions/1018/vartimedynmesh.zip</a>http://www.fluentusers.com/support/solutions/1018/vartimedynmesh.zip This process has also been applied to the 6DOF UDF. If interested, please contact sw@fluent.com. 

