The release notes for CFX5.7.1 mention that there was an improvement
in the accuracy of the RedlichKwong equation of state near the critical point.
The 5.7.1 documentation on the RedlichKwong EOS only gives details on the
original formulation. What changes have been made to the RK EOS in
5.7.1? Does this improvement only affect the Redlich Kwong equation of state
or does it involve other property evaluations (entrophy, enthalpy table look up)
near a critical point.
CFX5.7 contained the standard original implementation of the RK equation that dates back to 1949. In 5.71, slightly modified version from Aungier ("A Fast, Accurate Real Gas Equation of State for Fluid Dynamic Analysis Applications", Journal of Fluids Engineering, June 1995, V117, p277) was implemented. The motivation for this was mainly to answer the needs of clients who defined temperature and pressure ranges which spanned the region of the critical point. In this case the flow solver could fail to build a table due to the poor behaviour of standard Redlich Kwong in this region. If you make a p = f(v) plot at values of temperature close to critical (eg: T/Tcrit > 0.96) for the standard RedlichKwong EOS you will see that the isotherm makes a signficant wiggle into the dome in that region. The standard EOS is tuned such that the critical isotherm is perfect but the problem is that isotherms just below critical wiggle everywhere. Aungier's modification simply makes this wiggling much less pronounced than it is with the standard equation. It also greatly increases the accuracy of the critical isotherm. Consider the following data for water: T v p1 p2 p2pcrit p1pcrit 647.14 0.003101 24503764.7 22096134.9 32134.9 2439764.7 647.14 0.003102 24492094.8 22088179.1 24179.1 2428094.8 647.14 0.003104 24480474.9 22080264.8 16264.8 2416474.9 647.14 0.003105 24468904.7 22072391.7 8391.7 2404904.7 647.14 0.003107 24457384.2 22064559.6 559.6 2393384.2 647.14 0.003108 24445913.1 22056768.5 7231.5 2381913.1 647.14 0.003110 24434491.2 22049018.0 14982.0 2370491.2 647.14 0.003111 24423118.3 22041308.1 22691.9 2359118.3 647.14 0.003113 24411794.2 22033638.6 30361.4 2347794.2 In the table, p1 is for the standard RK, while p2 is the modified form used in 5.7.1. So, at T=Tcrit=647.14, vcrit for water is 0.00310660748 m^3/kg, pcrit for water is actually 22064000 Pa. Note that the p2 values are much closer to pcrit for v=vcrit in the table. The standard RK implementation is out by 2.3 MPa and the modified version almost goes right through the c.p. The main consequence of the modifications to the RK equation should be that it is less likely in 5.7.1 for table generation errors to occur and you should hopefully get a result that is more accurate anywhere that the solution approaches the critical point. An image file that shows the implementation of the Aungier modification of the RK equation in 5.7.1 is attached. 

